Machu Picchu: Peru

Machu Picchu: Peru   Facebook share

Machu Picchu (in hispanicized spelling, Spanish pronunciation:) or Machu Pikchu (Quechua machu old, old person, pikchu peak; mountain or prominence with a broad base which ends in sharp peaks, "old peak", pronunciation ) is a 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level. It is located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District in Peru.[4] It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Sacred Valley which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often mistakenly referred to as the "Lost City of the Incas", it is the most familiar icon of Inca civilization.

The Incas built the estate around 1450, but abandoned it a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Although known locally, it was not known to the Spanish during the colonial period and remained unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention in 1911 by the American historian Hiram Bingham. Since then, Machu Picchu has become the largest tourist attraction in South America.[citation needed] Most of the outlying buildings have been reconstructed in order to give tourists a better idea of what the structures originally looked like. By 1976, thirty percent of Machu Picchu had been restored. The restoration work continues to this day.

Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll.

Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its three primary structures are the Inti Watana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows. These are located in what is known by archaeologists as the Sacred District of Machu Picchu.[citation needed]

Machu Picchu is vulnerable to threats. While natural phenomena like earthquakes and weather systems can play havoc with access, the site also suffers from the pressures of too many tourists. In addition, preservation of the area's cultural and archaeological heritage is an ongoing concern.



More Suggestion :
roman-colosseum.jpg

Roman Colosseum: Rome, Italy

The Colosseum or Coliseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre; Italian: Anfiteatro Flavio, i...

Rameshwaram.jpg

Rameshwar Jyotirlinga Tamil Nadu

 Ramanathaswamy Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to god Shiva located on Rameswaram islan...

westminster-abbey.jpg

Westminster Abbey, London, England

 Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a ...

taj.jpg

Taj Mahal: Agra, India

The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum located on the southern bank of Yamuna River in the In...

Humayuns_Tomb_2.jpg

Humayun's Tomb, Delhi, India

 Humayun's tomb is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India. The tomb was com...


Loading comments....

Login


Or sign in using your email address.
 *  *
Login   Register
Join Today

Google+

Or sign up using your email address.
 *  *  *    *
Create Account   Login
Join and get rewarded
Like & Share our facebook page & Register here and win chance of winning exciting prizes.
Click here to go to Facebook Page Close