Chicago ,United States of America

Chicago ,United States of America   Facebook share

 Chicago is the third most populous city in the United States, trailing only New York City and Los Angeles. With over 2.7 million residents, it is the most populous city in both the U.S. state of Illinois and the Midwestern United States. Its metropolitan area, sometimes called Chicagoland, is home to nearly 10 million people and is the third-largest in the United States. Chicago is the seat of Cook County. 

 
Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837, near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed, and experienced rapid growth in the mid-nineteenth century. Today, the city is an international hub for finance, commerce, industry, technology, telecommunications, and transportation, with O'Hare International Airport being the busiest airport in the world; it also has the largest number of U.S. highways and railroad freight entering its region. In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, and ranks seventh in the world in the 2014 Global Cities Index.  As of 2012, Chicago had the third largest gross metropolitan product in the United States, after the New York City and Los Angeles metropolitan areas, at a sum of US$571 billion. 
 
In 2014, Chicago hosted 50.2 million international and domestic visitors.  Chicago's culture includes contributions to the visual arts, novels, film, theater, especially improvisational comedy, and music, particularly jazz, blues, soul, and the creation of house music. The city has many nicknames, which reflect the impressions and opinions about historical and contemporary Chicago. The best-known include the "Windy City" and "Second City". Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues.
 
Country United States of America
State Illinois
Counties Cook and DuPage
Settled 1780s
Incorporated (town) August 12, 1833
Incorporated (city) March 4, 1837
Named for Miami-Illinois: shikaakwa
(wild onion or wild garlic)
Government
 • Type Mayor–council
 • Body Chicago City Council
 • Mayor Rahm Emanuel (D)
 • City Clerk Susana A. Mendoza (D)
 • City Treasurer Kurt Summers Jr. (D)
Area
 • City 234.0 sq mi (606 km2)
 • Land 227.2 sq mi (588 km2)
 • Water 6.9 sq mi (18 km2)  3.0%
 • Urban 2,122.8 sq mi (5,498 km2)
 • Metro 10,874 sq mi (28,160 km2)
Elevation[1](mean) 594 ft (181 m)
Highest elevation
– near Blue Island 672 ft (205 m)
Lowest elevation
– at Lake Michigan 578 ft (176 m)
Population (2010) 
 • City 2,695,598
 • Estimate (July 1, 2014[3]) 2,722,389
 • Rank 3rd largest city in U.S.
 • Density 11,864.4/sq mi (4,447.4/km2)
 • Metro 9,522,434  


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