Istanbul,Turkey

Istanbul,Turkey   Facebook share

 Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey, constituting the country's economic, cultural, and historical heart. Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, with its commercial and historical centre lying on the continental European side and about a third of its population living on the Asian side of Eurasia.  With a population of 14.4 million, the city forms the largest urban agglomeration in Europe as well as the largest in the Middle East, and the fifth-largest city proper in the world. Istanbul's area of 5,343 square kilometers (2,063 sq mi) is coterminous with Istanbul Province, of which the city is the administrative capital.[c] Istanbul straddles the Bosphorus strait in northwestern Turkey, between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea.

 
Founded on the Sarayburnu promontory around 660 BC as Byzantium, the city now known as Istanbul developed to become one of the most significant cities in history. For nearly sixteen centuries following its reestablishment as Constantinople (Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Latin: Constantinopolis) or New Rome (Greek: Νέα Ῥώμη, Nea Romē; Latin: Nova Roma) in 330 AD, it served as an imperial capital for the Roman and Byzantine (330–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin (1204–1261), and the Ottoman (1453–1922) empires. It was instrumental in the advancement of Christianity during Roman and Byzantine times, before the Ottomans conquered the city in 1453 and transformed it into an Islamic stronghold and the seat of the Ottoman Caliphate. 
 
Istanbul's strategic position along the historic Silk Road, rail networks to Europe and the Middle East, and the only sea route between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean have helped foster an eclectic populace, although less so since the establishment of the Turkish Republic in 1923. Overlooked for the new capital during the interwar period, the city has since regained much of its prominence. The population of the city has increased tenfold since the 1950s, as migrants from across Anatolia have flocked to the metropolis and city limits have expanded to accommodate them. Arts festivals were established at the end of the 20th century, while infrastructure improvements have produced a complex transportation network.
 
Approximately 11.6 million foreign visitors arrived in Istanbul in 2012, two years after it was named a European Capital of Culture, making the city the world's fifth-most-popular tourist destination. The city's biggest draw remains its historic center, partially listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and its cultural and entertainment hub can be found across the city's natural harbor, the Golden Horn, in the Beyoğlu district. Considered a global city, Istanbul is one of the fastest-growing metropolitan economies in the world. It hosts the headquarters of many Turkish companies and media outlets and accounts for more than a quarter of the country's gross domestic product. Hoping to capitalize on its revitalization and rapid expansion, Istanbul bid for the Summer Olympics five times in twenty years
 
Country Turkey
Region Marmara
Province Istanbul
 - Byzantium c. 660 BC[a]
 - Constantinople 330 AD
 - Istanbul 1930 (officially)[b]
Districts 39
Government
 • Mayor Kadir Topbaş (AKP)
Area
 • Land 5,196 km2 (2,006 sq mi)
 • Water 147 km2 (57 sq mi)
 • Metro[c] 5,343 km2 (2,063 sq mi)
Population (December 31, 2014)[2]
 • Metropolitan municipality 14,377,019
 • Rank 1st in Turkey
5th in the world
 • Density 2,767/km2 (7,170/sq mi)
Demonym Istanbulite(s)
(Turkish: İstanbullu(lar))


More Suggestion :
s1.jpg

Switzerland

 Switzerland  officially the Swiss Confederation (Latin: Confoederatio Helvetica, henc...

Lima-City2.jpg

Lima-Autonomous-Peru

 Lima is the capital and the largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chil...

Quebec-City-Canada.jpg

Quebec City,Canada

 Quebec, also Québec, City of Québec, Quebec City, or Québec City (Fre...

USACE_New_Orleans_skyline.jpg

New Orleans,Louisiana,United States

 New Orleans  is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area...

78A32218.jpg

Atlantic City

Atlantic City is a resort city in Atlantic County, New Jersey, known for its casinos, boardwalk ...


Loading comments....

Login


Or sign in using your email address.
 *  *
Login   Register
Join Today

Google+

Or sign up using your email address.
 *  *  *    *
Create Account   Login
Join and get rewarded
Like & Share our facebook page & Register here and win chance of winning exciting prizes.
Click here to go to Facebook Page Close